Verse1: kartur agyaya prapyathe phalam. karma kim param? karma tat jadam.
Meaning of the words.
kartur: The ordainer of results. God.
agyaya: as per His orders.
prapyathe phalam: The results are obtained.
karma : the actions
kim param : Are they supreme ? [Meaning is the law of karma the ultimate ? Who is the one who makes it happen then? ]
karma tat jadam: Actions are jadam, dead lifeless entities.
English translation of Verse 1:
“Action is insentient. Action is not the ultimate reality so action per se has no ability to confer the fruit of action. Fruit of action occurs according to the whim of the ultimate reality which is usually called God.”
Comments by Dr. Raju:
In his classic work Upadesa Saram (Spiritual Instructions) Bhagavan is questioning the idea of doership in the first verse itself. Bhagawan explains in the first verse why the individual performing the action is not the doer. Continue reading
Bhagawan Sri Ramana Maharshi,untill his realization in Madurai, outwardly lead a life of average human being. At his school he is was more interested in games than studies. His performance at school was average. Some of the things noted about Bhagavan are that his sleep was very deep and that he was quite taken by the devotion of the 63 Saivite saints.
At the time of his death experience Sri Ramana did Self-inquiry spontaneously without knowing that it was Self-inquiry. He was witnessing the event of death with full awareness.
There is a slight drizzle today and the atmosphere is beautiful. I breathe it in deeply. I am on my morning walk.
I am in the present moment which is the only thing that is truly and fully available to us. Continue reading
Any being without Self knowledge identifies with body-mind complex.
As far as life in the outside world is concerned “I” thought i.e ego has certain utilitarian value. Without the “I” thought, life in the world become impossible. Continue reading
Mind is not a thing. It is a process of minding, thinking. Its basic nature is to fragment the consciousness.
Mind is a like a crowd of politicians giving many self contradictory speeches at the same time. This crowd in the mind is not a fixed crowd but a changing crowd. Continue reading
Many convert spirituality into a process of becoming from the present state of chaos to the perfect state of Self. This allows the mind to perpetuate itself in the name of spirituality.
Be aware of this trick of the mind. Spirituality is to be aware of “what is”. This very awareness brings transformation of present chaotic state of “what is”, to a perfect state of clarity here and now. Transformation happens in the “now”, in the present moment. Continue reading
Self-inquiry is to reflect whatsoever is passing by in the inner consciousness.
Consciousness reflects diamonds or pebbles equally. By its very nature it won’t choose that which is reflected.
Ego is the consummation of all past experiences. So if we observe through the observer there is the perpetuation of the past. Nothing new can be observed with such a type of observation.
Self-inquiry is not a process of “doing”.It is a process of conscious observation without the interference of the “doer”. In such a type of observation even “doer” is an object of observation. Continue reading
All doing involves change and change requires some duration of time.
Change means going from one event to another and the interval between the two events is time. We can experience action or doing only in the flow of time projected by the mind from past to the future bypassing the present moment.
If we are caught in network of time, it is certain that we are missing the present. Continue reading